(For the taming of Quraysh…) [1-4].
This Surah was revealed about the Quraysh and the blessings that Allah, exalted is He, had bestowed upon them.
The judge Abu Bakr al-Hiri informed us> Abu Ja‘far ‘Abd Allah ibn Isma‘il al-Hashimi> Sawadah ibn ‘Ali> Ahmad ibn Abu Bakr al-Zuhri> Ibrahim ibn Muhammad ibn Thabit> ‘Uthman ibn ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Atiq> Sa‘id ibn ‘Amr ibn Ja‘dah> his father> his grandmother Umm Hani’ bint Abi Talib who reported that the Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, said: “Allah has favoured the Quraysh with seven characteristics which he has never given to anyone before them and will never give to anyone after them: The post of the Caliph (al-Khilafah) is given to one among them, the custody of the Sacred House (al-Hijabah) is assumed by someone from amongst them, giving water to the pilgrims (al-Siqayah) during Hajj is undertaken by someone amongst them, prophethood is given to someone amongst them, they were given victory over the [army of] elephants, they worshipped Allah for seven years during which none worshipped Him, and a Surah has been revealed about them in which none but them was mentioned (For the taming of Quraysh…)”.
Asbab Al-Nuzul by Al-Wahidi , trans. Mokrane Guezzou