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وَوَاعَدْنَا مُوسَىٰ ثَلاَثِينَ لَيْلَةً وَأَتْمَمْنَاهَا بِعَشْرٍ فَتَمَّ مِيقَاتُ رَبِّهِ أَرْبَعِينَ لَيْلَةً وَقَالَ مُوسَىٰ لأَخِيهِ هَارُونَ ٱخْلُفْنِي فِي قَوْمِي وَأَصْلِحْ وَلاَ تَتَّبِعْ سَبِيلَ ٱلْمُفْسِدِينَ
-Al-A‘râf ( الأعراف )

Kashf Al-Asrar Tafsir

7:142 And We promised Moses thirty nights, and We completed them with ten. So the appointed time of his Lord was completed in forty nights. And Moses said to his brother Aaron, "Take my place among my people."
How exalted is making promises in friendship! How great is sitting in the promised place of friendship! How sweet is breaking promises in the religion of friendship!
Concerning the intimations of this verse the Pir of the Tariqah said, "The promises of lovers, even if broken, show intimacy." Then he said,
"You put me off, You procrastinate,
You promise, but You don't come through."
It is not approved to put back the promised time and to add days before the promised moment except in the religion of friendship, for in friendship disloyalty is the same as loyalty, and disdain friendship. Do you not see what the Lord of the Worlds did with Moses in this exchange? He promised him thirty days. When those passed, He added ten more. He added them because Moses was happy with that. Moses counted the thirty days as capital and the ten days as profit. He said, "Indeed, I heard the hard cash of the Real's speech for a second time when He added that."
Come forth, by your life! Stay not away!
Give hope of your encounter, then put us off.
Promise and put off as you like,
for we love you when you put off the passionate.
If you fulfill the promise, we will be happy,
but we will live with your promise, content for a time.
In this journey, Moses waited thirty days without remembering food and drink or being aware of hunger, for he was carried by the Real in a journey of generosity, waiting for whispered prayer. The other time, when he was sent to Khi?r on the first journey in search of knowledge, he did not have the capacity for a half day of hunger, so he said, "Bring us our food" [18:62]. This is because that was a journey of teaching and hardship. At the beginning of the traveling he was carrying; he was not being carried. He was aware of his own suffering, for he was with himself. He saw the marks of hunger because he was in the road of creatures.
And Moses said to his brother Aaron, "Take my place among my people." His intention was whispered prayer with the Real, so he left Aaron with the people and went alone, for there is no sharing in friendship. The friend's attribute in the path of friendship is nothing but aloneness and oneness.
If you're not busy and you're alone,
come to Me in loyalty-you're worthy of Me.
Then, when he was going to Pharaoh, he asked for Aaron's companionship: "Make him share with me in my affair" [29:32], for that was going to the creatures, and things having to do with the creatures bring aversion and dread. In carrying the burden of dread, no one flees from a kind companion and his companionship.
When Moses returned from whispered prayer and saw that the Children of Israel had left the circle of obedience and become calf-worshipers, he rebuked Aaron, not them, so that you would know that not everyone who sins is deemed worthy of rebuke. Rebuke is appropriate when a person still has something of friendship. He who burns in fear of separation is the one who recognizes the exaltation of union:
How can the Beloved's passion be suited for just anyone?
Only Majnūn was worthy of loving Laylā.