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قَالَتِ ٱلأَعْرَابُ آمَنَّا قُل لَّمْ تُؤْمِنُواْ وَلَـٰكِن قُولُوۤاْ أَسْلَمْنَا وَلَمَّا يَدْخُلِ ٱلإِيمَانُ فِي قُلُوبِكُمْ وَإِن تُطِيعُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ لاَ يَلِتْكُمْ مِّنْ أَعْمَالِكُمْ شَيْئاً إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ
-Al-Hujurât ( الحجرات )

Tafsir al-Tustari

…Say, ‘You do not have faith; rather say, “We have submitted”…’ He said:This means [they should admit], ‘We [only] affirmed [the faith] from fear of being taken captive or killed; for faith (īmān) is in the truthful affirmation of the tongue (iqrār al-lisān ṣidqan), and certainty within the heart as a binding pact [with God] (īqān fī’l-qalb ʿaqdan), along with the realisation (taḥqīq) of these through the bodily members with sincerity (ikhlāṣ). Faith (īmān) has nothing to do with affiliations (ansāb); rather affiliations are only a part of Islam. The Muslim is beloved of people but the believer is in no need (ghanī) of people. His words:

Tafsīr al-Tustarī, trans. Annabel Keeler and Ali Keeler
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