Tafsirs List > Tafsir


< >

فَٱلْيَوْمَ لاَ يُؤْخَذُ مِنكُمْ فِدْيَةٌ وَلاَ مِنَ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ مَأْوَاكُمُ ٱلنَّارُ هِيَ مَوْلاَكُمْ وَبِئْسَ ٱلْمَصِيرُ
-Al-Hadîd ( الحديد )

Tafsir al-Tustari

So on this day no ransom will be taken from you…That is, no ransom will be accepted for your souls.Ibn Sālim said:I served Sahl b. ʿAbd Allāh for sixty years and he did not change in terms of his practice of remembrance or anything else. Then on the last day of his life a man recited the verse before him, So on this day no ransom will be taken from you, and I saw him tremble and sway to the point where he almost fell down. When he recovered his state of sobriety (ṣaḥw), I asked him about what had passed, saying, ‘Nothing has happened like this during my time with you.’ Hereplied, ‘Yes I know, my dear friend! Indeed I have become weak.’ So I asked, ‘What is the condition [that denotes] a strong state (quwwat al-ḥāl)?’ He replied, ‘There is no influx [from above] (wārid) that comes over him without his absorbing it through his strength. Whoever acts in this way will not be changed by the influxes [of grace] (wāridāt) that he receives, howeverstrong they may be.’He also used to say, ‘My state during [ritual] prayer (ṣalāt) is the same as that before the commencementof the prayer.’ This is because he would keep watch over his heart and keep God, Exalted is He, before his eyes with his innermost secret (sirr) before commencing the prayer, and consequently he would stand for prayer with the presence of his heart (ḥuḍūr qalbihi) and the collectedness of his spiritual energy (jamʿ himmatihi). His words, Exalted is He:

Tafsīr al-Tustarī, trans. Annabel Keeler and Ali Keeler
© 2021 Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought, Amman, Jordan (http://www.aalalbayt.org) ® All Rights Reserved.
Apart from any fair dealing for the purposes of research or private study, or criticism or review, this work may not be reproduced, stored or transmitted, in any form or by any means, without the prior permission in writing of the Great Tafsirs Project, Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought (aalalbayt@aalalbayt.org)