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وَٱلْمُؤْمِنُونَ وَٱلْمُؤْمِنَاتُ بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلِيَآءُ بَعْضٍ يَأْمُرُونَ بِٱلْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ ٱلْمُنْكَرِ وَيُقِيمُونَ ٱلصَّلاَةَ وَيُؤْتُونَ ٱلزَّكَاةَ وَيُطِيعُونَ ٱللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ أُوْلَـٰئِكَ سَيَرْحَمُهُمُ ٱللَّهُ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ
-At-Tawbah ( التوبة )

Tafsir al-Tustari

And the believers, both men and women, are protecting friends of one another.He said:[A person’s] protective friendship (muwālāt) towards the believers is [his] avoiding doing them any harm.Then he said:Know that the servant does not attain true faith (ḥaqīqat al-īmān) until he becomes as the earth for the servants of God — [it endures] the suffering that they [impose] upon it, and they [derive] benefits from it.He also said:The fundamentals (uṣūl), in our view, comprise seven things: adherence to the Book of God, following the Messenger of God , abiding by what is lawful, refraining from harm [to others], the avoidance of sins, repentance and the observance of the rights [of others].His words:

Tafsīr al-Tustarī, trans. Annabel Keeler and Ali Keeler
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