(Let not the vicissitude (of the success) of those who disbelieve, in the land, deceive thee…) [3:196].
This was revealed about the idolaters of Mecca. This is because they were living in comfort and ease, trading and enjoying themselves which led one believer to comment: “The enemies of Allah are enjoying that which we see of goodly life while we are dying of hunger and toil”, and as a result this verse was revealed.
Asbab Al-Nuzul by Al-Wahidi , trans. Mokrane Guezzou