(O ye who believe! Endure, outdo all others in endurance…) [3:200].
Sa‘id ibn Abi ‘Amr al-Hafiz informed us> Abu ‘Ali al-Faqih> Muhammad ibn Mu‘adh al-Malini> al-Husayn ibn al-Hasan ibn Harb al-Maruzi> Ibn al-Mubarak> Mus‘ab ibn Thabit ibn ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Zubayr> Dawud ibn Salih who reported that Abu Salamah ibn ‘Abd al-Rahman said: “O my nephew, do you know the occasion of this verse (O ye who believe! Endure, outdo all others in endurance…)”. “No!” He answered. He said: “At the time of the Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, there were no ongoing military conquests in which one could engage. We only had to wait for the next prayer after performing the present one”. Narrated by al-Hakim Abu ‘Abd Allah in his Sahih from Abu Muhammad al-Muzani> Ahmad ibn Najdah> Sa‘id ibn Mansur> Ibn al-Mubarak.
Asbab Al-Nuzul by Al-Wahidi , trans. Mokrane Guezzou