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يَابَنِيۤ ءَادَمَ خُذُواْ زِينَتَكُمْ عِندَ كُلِّ مَسْجِدٍ وكُلُواْ وَٱشْرَبُواْ وَلاَ تُسْرِفُوۤاْ إِنَّهُ لاَ يُحِبُّ ٱلْمُسْرِفِينَ
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-Al-A‘râf ( الأعراف )

Tafsir al-Tustari

…And eat and drink, but do not be excessive; He truly does not love those who are excessive.Eating is of five kinds: that which is a necessity [for subsistence] (ḍarūra); that which is a source of sustenance (qiwām); that which is a source of nourishment (qūt); that which should be of a determined [amount] (maʿlūm); and that which one does without. [Beyond this], there is a sixth in which there is no good, and that is [wrongly] mixed (takhlīṭ). Furthermore, God, Exalted is He, created the world and placed knowledge and wisdom within hunger (jūʿ), and placed ignorance and transgression within satiety (shabʿ). So, when you are hungry ask for satiety from the One who has afflicted you with hunger, and if you are satiated, ask for hunger from the One who has afflicted you with satiety, otherwise you will commit excesses and transgress.Then he recited: But man is wont to transgress ! when he thinks himself self-sufficient [96:6, 7]. He also said:Truly, hunger is a secret among the secrets of God, Exalted is He, on earth, which He does not entrust to anyone who will disseminate it.His words, Exalted is He:


Tafsīr al-Tustarī, trans. Annabel Keeler and Ali Keeler
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